One of the most prominent cities in Hungary and once the capital of the country, Szekesfehervar is now a place full of history and culture, containing reminders of its national past and elements of its original and vibrant present. It is the regional capital of Central Transdanubia slightly North West of the centre of Hungary, made up of small parks and city streets, all of which hold a unique and charming atmosphere.
While in Szekesfehervar, visitors can witness the ruins of the Basilica of Saint Stephen, once one of the largest basilicas in Europe, home to the crown jewels and holds the bodies of many past kings and queens. A fire destroyed the impressive building in 1601, leaving only remnants of what was once the grandest building in Hungary, although visitors can still learn more about the Basilica at its ruins. The historic centre is full of classic baroque buildings to explore in addition to many medieval churches and monuments, or for modern culture, visitors can discover the City Gallery, Doll Museum or City Hall. Visitors can appreciate small sections of nature scattered around the city in the form of parks and lakesides, or even on the buildings themselves such as the iconic Flower Clock, which quaintly combines city and nature.
Visitors can easily get into Szekesfehervar from the main cities like Budapest by public transport links like buses and trains, both of which have stations in the city centre. Once inside the city, the town centre has local bus routes mainly catering to the main tourist attractions, although visitors can also travel by foot relatively quickly.
People have occupied the land of Szekesfehervar since the 5th century BC and the Romans, who named the place “Gorsium and Herculia”, settled upon it. In the Middle Ages, the town became an important transport link with routes to Italy and European cities, during which time officials created the main historical buildings of the city that exist today. The city industrialised after World War II, and its population soared to 100,000 people causing a residential expansion of the area.